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How To Build a Bathroom Vanity

A bathroom vanity is a part of a bathroom where a person, as the name implies, freshens up. It is usually composed of a sink with storage space underneath. The bathroom vanity provides both aesthetics and utility, creating a section of a bathroom for appearances while containing supplies for freshening up and bathroom maintenance.

Having a bathroom vanity built is a fun and easy way to touch up your bathroom. The utility and aesthetic it provides make it a very beneficial project for your home. 

Building a bathroom vanity involves planning, choosing the right material, deciding to use or replace your current sink, creating a casing around the sink, placing the vanity top, caulking the gaps, and applying the finishes to complete the project.

Read on if you plan on adding a vanity to your bathroom or if you just plan on doing renovations in general. 

What Materials Do You Need To Build a Bathroom Vanity?

Bathroom vanities can be made out of any material. However, you have to consider that this is a fixture that will be placed inside a bathroom. 

In any home, the bathroom will contain the most moisture than the other space of the house. As such, the materials inside the bathroom are prepared in such a way to handle those conditions. 

Your bathroom vanity should also take into account the environment that your bathroom experiences. Remember that no space is the same, and there will be no general guide for this part because you need to assess the environment of your bathroom and how it will affect the materials.

Planning Your Bathroom Vanity

First and foremost, before you think about any design or any aesthetic, you have to evaluate how much space you can actually work with within your bathroom. 

This article assumes that your bathroom does not have a vanity yet, so your sink is stand-alone or attached to a wall. Do not worry if you don’t have that much space to work with; a bathroom vanity can be designed in such a way that it fits inside small spaces and is still capable of serving its functions.

Once you have established the amount of space you have for your bathroom vanity, the next step would be to frame it and see from what angle you will be most likely be interacting with your bathroom vanity. 

This is important because this will determine how your shelves and cabinets will be designed. A bathroom vanity is not separate from the bathroom, and instead, it should be able to function in such a way that supports the current usage of that bathroom while at the same time adding something new.

When approaching designing your bathroom vanity, it’s best to divide it into three main components. These components are the sink, the vanity top, the storage units, and the lighting. 

  1. The Sink

Sinks are not as simple as they seem. The biggest factor that you should take into account for sinks is their size and their faucet. It may not seem all that important, but it’s a good practice not to take any shortcuts when it comes to house renovation or spatial design. An appropriately designed sink reduces the chances of you getting wet from the water bouncing back and prevents any awkward angles while using it. 

Consider also that there are sinks that are well above the vanity top while others are embedded into it. The design of the sink (Ex. Rectangular, circular, etc.) also plays a role as to how much space your sink will actually take.

  1. The Vanity Top

The vanity top is an essential part of the vanity because it will be your workspace. More often than not, people don’t prioritize the materials and finishes for their vanity top when they actually should. I would say that the vanity top is one of the times when you must prioritize its function rather than its aesthetic.

You should go for a smooth vanity top, made of a material that is easy to maintain and uniform (Ex. No crevices or holes). 

  1. The Storage. 

The storage is split into two different components.

Drawers 

To be used for storing your personal use objects. This should be the easiest part to open and is always located right below the vanity top. Especially important for objects that should not get wet.

Cabinet 

To be used to store the cleaning/maintenance materials for the bathroom. It should always be located at the bottom of the sink. It’s common for the cabinet also to be the access point to the plumbing of the sink. 

  1. Good lighting 

Good lighting is perhaps the most underutilized and is often the least considered aspect of a bathroom vanity when people are planning their bathroom vanities.  

The entire purpose of bathroom vanity, and what separates it from just a regular bathroom cabinet space, is that a bathroom vanity is used for when people need to freshen up. This is the place where you fix your hair, put on your makeup, and make yourself look presentable.  The best type of lighting that complements all skin types would be a warm light that glows over the face, leaving no shadows.

Do You Really Need a Bathroom Vanity? 

The only reasonable answer to this question is that the bathroom vanity should complement your current lifestyle. If you’re a person who likes to spend time getting ready for going out, then a bathroom vanity would be for you. However, a lot of bedrooms are designed to have a powdering area committed to freshening up.

If you already have a powdering area, then you wouldn’t need a bathroom vanity. The benefits of the bathroom vanity over the powdering area is that the bathroom vanity is relatively easier to clean and provides additional storage space.

How To Build a Bathroom Vanity With 5 Easy Steps.

NOTE: This part of the article will be assuming that your bathroom was not originally designed to have a bathroom vanity installed. As such, it will be assuming that there is a limited amount of space to work with and that only the bare essentials needed for the bathroom vanity to function will be added.

  1. Determine if you will keep your current sink or if you will install a new one. This is the part that may require some heavy-duty work because you may have to restructure your plumbing to adjust to the changes in that water outlet. 

Most likely, it’s best to stick with your current sink because it’s already designed to be compatible with your bathroom unless you need more space. You can also use a sink with the same dimensions as your current one but with a different design if you’re aiming for a different aesthetic. 

  1. Bathroom vanities don’t necessarily have to be built into the walls of the bathroom. For our purposes, considering that we have a small space to work with, we will be having a casing built attached to the wall instead. 

The casing should be composed of the vanity top (with a cut-out portion for the sink) and storage space underneath (drawers, cabinets, etc.). As with all things related to buildings, the bottom part should always be installed first before the top. 

  1. Once the casing is aligned with the sink, it should be fastened to your bathroom walls and floor. Depending on the weight of the materials used and the design of the casing, you can either use adhesives or fasteners. 
  1. There will be some gaps leftover between the sink and the casing (the vanity top, to be specific) and between the casing and the wall. The last thing you would want to happen is a small piece or object to get lost in the small gaps between the different fixtures and allow moisture or water to seep into the casing.

Apply caulking to seal up any of the leftover gaps. Remember to use the appropriate caulk type, apply it at a 45-degree angle, smoothen the caulk to make it uniform, and clean up any leftovers. 

  1. Lastly, apply all the finishes you need to. Finishes for a bathroom vanity could range from varnishing, painting, etc. 

The reason why you want to apply finishes last, instead of applying it to the casing during pre-installation, is to minimize the chances of unwanted damage during the installation process. The point of finishing is to make the bathroom vanity look presentable and add a final layer of protection. 

During any installation, you should be prepared to make any sudden modifications to your casing. That is why it is a rule of thumb to apply the finishes last to not waste any effort.

Conclusion

Having a bathroom vanity built requires you to assess how to best adjust to your bathroom’s current set up. Considering the environment it experiences, the design that would fit within the space available, and a look that would match the aesthetic of your bathroom is a good way exercise in planning out future renovations. 

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